Female enrollment highest in MPhil courses, lowest in PhD

The total enrollment of students in higher educational institutions in India is around 326.1 lakh, with 52 per cent males and 48 per cent females. According to the CII-Deloitte report on the “Annual Status of Higher Education of States and UTs in India 2019” (ASHE 2019), the highest
share of enrollment (81.14 per cent) is at the undergraduate level, followed by postgraduate
(9 per cent), and diploma (7.93 per cent). 
The report, released Thursday, reveals the female enrollment under various education levels has been highest in MPhil (63.98 per cent), followed by postgraduate courses (56.46 per cent) and certificate (55.63 per cent), as compared to their male counterparts. However, there is a significant gender disparity in enrollment in PhD courses with 68,842 female students registered as against 92,570 male. 
 Moreover, student enrollment across all backward groups in India is lesser than their proportionate share in the population, according to the report. The highest share of enrollments (35 per cent) is among the OBC category, followed by SCs (14.4 per cent), STs (5.2 per cent), Muslims (5.0 per cent), and other minorities (2.2 per cent).

The total number of universities in India has gone up from 760 in 2014-15 to 903 in 2018-19 with state public universities constituting the highest share (38.9 per cent). Among them, Rajasthan has the highest number of universities (79, 8.75 per cent of total in India), followed by Uttar Pradesh (76, 8.42 per cent), Gujarat (65, 7.20 per cent), Karnataka (60, 6.64 per cent), and Tamil Nadu (58, 6.42 per cent). 
Rajasthan also has the most number of general universities (48) in the country followed by Uttar Pradesh (44) and Gujarat (38). Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu have the highest number of technical universities in the country with a total of 10 and 9 technical universities respectively. Delhi, Karnataka, and Maharashtra follow it with seven universities in each state.

The report also discusses key reforms, such as the education budget allocation that increased by 11 per cent, from 2018-19 to 2019-20 (Rs 85,010 crore to Rs 94,854 crore). The government’s focus on research and innovation is a critical component for global ranking. In its bid to improve higher education, the Centre has also increased the allocation from Rs 400 crore (last year was Rs 129 crores) to support select Indian higher institutions into world-class institutions.